How to Print on Cotton Using OrcoSperse™ Pigments

Pigment printing concerns itself with the following basic factors:

OrcoSperse™ Pigments are aqueous pigments nonionically or anionically dispersed. These may or may not be resin-bonded.

Low-Crock is a resinous material, usually acrylic or styrene butadiene latex which, in some cases, is compounded with a melamine formaldehyde resin to improve cross-linking and thus improving washfastness.

Clear Concentrate is usually a synthetic polymer dispersed in an emulsion or colloid which swells and increases in viscosity when dispersed in water usually with high shear mixers like a Barenco or a Hill homogenizer.


  1. Prepare typical print paste with the following:

1-8         parts   OrcoSperse™ Pigment concentrate

1.5-2.5    parts  Orco Clear Conc SP-2™

5-10       parts   Orco Low-Crock T-550™

X parts   Water


  1. Charge tank as follows in order listed:

X parts   Cold Water

1.5-2.5   parts   Orco Clear Conc SP-2™

  1. Run a high-speed mixer 10-12 minutes until smooth.
  2. Add 5-10 parts Orco Low-Crock T-550™.
  3. Add desired amount of OrcoSperse™ Pigment print paste prepared above and continue mixing for 4-8 minutes until dispersion is complete.
  4. Check viscosity. If a higher viscosity is desired, add additional Orco Clear Conc SP-2™ with mixing for 5-7 minutes.
  5. Print material on either a flat-bed screen or rotary screen.
  6. Cure at a minimum of 275-300°F(135-150°C) for 60-90 seconds.

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